Italia (Pleiades)


Pompeii (Pleiades)

Location Description

An ancient city of Campania destroyed by the volcanic eruption of Mt. Vesuvius in A.D. 79, Pompeii was named as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1997.


Region I


Insula II



Small peristyle garden at the rear of the house.

Garden Description

The west portico of the small peristyle garden at the rear of the house was entered through two doors directly from the atrium. The garden was enclosed on four sides by a portico supported by eight stuccoed brick columns. On the foreside, the two first columns on the left had a larger intercolumniation corresponding to the wide opening opposite the atrium. Between these columns stood a terracotta puteal covered with white stucco. A gutter around the edges of the garden was shown in the plan. The round pool in the center of the garden no longer exists, and only stumps of the columns remain today. One of the graffiti on the walls of the portico noted that on November 17 Puteolana gave birth to three males and two females (XV K(alendas) NOV(embres) PVTEOLANA PEPERIT MASCL(os) III FEMEL[as] II (CIL IV. 3890). Perhaps they were either piglets or puppies. Pigs were more common in ancient cities than is commonly realized.


  • Fiorelli, G. 1875. Descrizione di Pompei, p. 39 (worldcat)
  • Jashemski, W. F. 1979, Garden of Pompeii: Herculaneum and the villas destroyed by Vesuvius, pp. 104-105 (for the graffito)(worldcat)
  • Jashemski, W. F. 1993, Gardens of Pompeii: Herculaneum and the villas destroyed by Vesuvius. Vol. II, Appendices, p. 21 (worldcat)
  • Niccolini, F. Le case ed i monumenti di Pompeii, Naples, Vol. II, p. 76
  • Viola, L. 1879. Gli scavi di Pompei dal 1873 al 1878, p. 11
  • Warscher, T. 1937-1957. Codex Topographicus Pompeianus

Pleiades ID




Excavation Dates

Excavated 1872. Bombed in 1943.


Wilhelmina Jashemski (https://lib.guides.umd.edu/c.php?g=326514&p=2193250)

Publication date

21 Apr 2021