Italia (Pleiades)


Pompeii (Pleiades)

Location Description

An ancient city of Campania destroyed by the volcanic eruption of Mt. Vesuvius in A.D. 79, Pompeii was named as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1997.


Region VIII


Insula II


Garden Description

A. The Sarno Bath is included in this block of irregular shaped houses, reached by entrance 17 on the Via della Scuole that goes to the lower levels. On the street level there was a small peristyle garden (a) located in the center of the house. Two pillars supported a portico on three sides of the garden and the large triclinium (b) offered a view of the garden. A beautifully rendered painting of grape vines with clusters of fruit, birds, lizards and a little mouse graced the black walls of the peristyle.
B. The irregular shapes of the buildings created this triangular light well. Two large windows allowed light into the passageway from the street at entrance 20, which also received light from a third window before the passageway ended at the peristyle. The light well had a tufa gutter that drained to the east into a cistern that was accessed in the kitchen. There were likely some plantings in the light well, as well as on the four porticoed terraces to the rear, including the upper level terrace that did not survive.


Plan of the Pompeii Region VIII, Insula II

Plan of the Pompeii Region VIII, Insula II

Plan of the Pompeii Region VIII, Insula II, 1-20

Plan of the Pompeii Region VIII, Insula II, 1-20

Pleiades ID




Excavation Dates



  • deVos A. and de Vos, M., Pompei, Ercolano, Stabia, p. 58 (worldcat)
  • Jashemski, Gardens, vol. II, p. 207 (worldcat)
  • Koloski-Ostrow, The Sarno bath complex, no. 11 on fig. 1 (plan), no. 20 on fig. 1 (plan) (worldcat)
  • Mau, Mitteilungen des Deutschen Archaologischen Instituts (1890), pl. 1 (plan) [
  • Mau, Mitteilungen des Deutschen Archaologischen Instituts (1892), p. 199 [
  • Niccolini, Antonio, Fausto, and Felice, Le case ed i monumenti di Pompei designati e descritti, vol. 4, “Nuovi scavi,” pp. 55-56 (worldcat)
  • Noack and Lehmann-Hartleben,Baugeschichtliche Untersuchungen am Stadtrand von Pompeji, 97-110 passim, fig. 27 on p. 100 (plan) and pls. 15, 16, (plans and sections), fig. 28 (plan) on p. 103 and pl. 25, bottom drawing (reconstruction) (worldcat)
  • Mitteilungen des Deutschen Archaologischen Instituts (1890), pp. 116, 120-122 and pls. 5.2 and 6 [(worldcat)][
  • Schefold, Die Wände Pompejis, p. 212 [(worldcat)][
  • Sogliano, Notizie degli scavi di Antichita (1893), p. 37 and plan on p. 35 (worldcat)
  • Sogliano, Gli scavi di Pompei dal 1873 al 1900 In Atti del Congresso Internationale di Scienze Storische, pp. 399-400 [(worldcat)][


Wilhelmina Jashemski (

Publication date

21 Apr 2021