VIII.4.15. House of C. Cornelius Rufus; House of C. Cornelius Adiutor

Province

Italia
Italia (Pleiades)

Location

Pompeii
Pompeii (Pleiades)

Location Description

An ancient city of Campania destroyed by the volcanic eruption of Mt. Vesuvius in A.D. 79, Pompeii was named as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1997.

Sublocation

Region VIII

Insula

Insula IV

Keywords

Garden Description

Eighteen partially fluted columns supported the large portico (a) surrounding this spacious peristyle garden. Excavated in 1861, the garden was located at the rear of the tablinum and could be viewed from the large triclinium on the east or the exedra on the west. A wooden fence had enclosed the garden as evidenced by the vertical slots in the columns where the fence had been secured. The portico held two puteals, one marble and the other travertine. A gutter circled the garden and at the south end a pool 0.90 x 1.05 m.; 0.18 m. deep contained a fountain. There was also a fountain located in the atrium, which became a common house feature after the completion of the aquaduct. At the edge of the marble impluvium two ornate trapezophori flanked a round opening containing the bronze water key that controlled the water jet in the center of the impluvium.

Plans

Plan of Region VIII Insula IV

Plan of Region VIII Insula IV

Images

Fig. 13, 11.10.59 (Stanley Jashemski, Jashemski Archives, University of Maryland)

Fig. 13, 11.10.59 (Stanley Jashemski, Jashemski Archives, University of Maryland)

Pleiades ID

432873

TGN ID

7031897

Excavation Dates

Unspecified

Bibliography

  • Breton, Pompeia, 3rd ed. pp. 471-472 (worldcat)
  • Fiorelli, Gli scavi di Pompei dal 1861 al 1872, p. 6 (worldcat)
  • Fiorelli, Descrizione di Pompei, p. 342 (worldcat)
  • Jashemski, Gardens, vol. II, pp. 213-214 (worldcat)
  • Lugebil, Bullettino dell’Instituto di Corrispondenza Archeologica (1861), p. 238 (worldcat)
  • Niccolini, Le case ed i monumenti di Pompei designati e descritti, vol. 2, “Descr. gen,” p. 67 (worldcat)
  • Pernice, Hellenistische Tische, Zisternenmundungen, Beckenuntersatze, Altare und Truhen, pp. 1, 24, 28, 37 and fig. 1 on p. 2. (worldcat)

Contributor

Wilhelmina Jashemski (https://lib.guides.umd.edu/c.php?g=326514&p=2193250)

Publication date

21 Apr 2021