The Severan Complex

Province

Italia
Italia (Pleiades)
Italia, Regio I (Pleiades)

Location

Rome
Roma (Pleiades)

Sublocation

Palatine
Mons Palatinus (Pleiades)

Garden

Garden of the Severan Complex, Palatine

Keywords

Garden Description

The most visible remains from this period are a massive series of substructure arcades along the slope of the Palatine overlooking the Circus Maximus. It had been considered that this area was a thermae, a bath complex, from the time of Septimius Severus, but recent excavations and studies have shown at least part to have been occupied by the Domitianic building phase. Until the time of Maxentius, who built baths, this private wing of the palace was intended for otium and open-air promenades and was embellished with vast areas of gardens, pools and fountains.

RELATED PHASES ON THE PALATINE:

Gardens of the Republican Domus (A)
Garden of the House of Augustus (B)
Garden of the Domus Tiberiana (C)
Garden of the Neronian Palace (D)
Garden of the Domus Flavia (E)
Garden of the Domus Augustana (F,G)
Garden of the Palatine Stadium (H)

Figures

Plan of the Palatine

Fig. 1. Plan of the Palatine with the indication of the garden areas (Drawing Coop. Modus. Reworking E. Boschi. Soprintendenza Archeologica di Roma, henceforth abbreviated as SAR).

###Dates

1st century CE to 4th century CE

Bibliography

  • M.A. Tomei, Nota sui giardini antichi del Palatino, Mélanges de l’École Française de Rome (MEFRA), 104, 1992, 2, pp. 917-951. (worldcat)
  • M.A. Tomei, Il Giardino dei Cesari, Catalogo Mostra, Roma 2001. (worldcat)
  • A. Hoffmann & U. Wulf, “Bade oder Villenluxus? Zur Neuinterpretation del ‘Domus Severiana,'” in Hoffman, Wulf & Angermeyer, Die Kaiserpaläste auf dem Palatin in Rom, Mainz am Rhein, 2004: 153-185. (worldcat)

Pleiades ID

584305092

Contributor

M.-A. Tomei

Publication date

29 June 2021